Themes and Measures
Theme 3: improve knowledge and co-operation
Measure 3.1: development of models and development of spatial planning
Studies to develop the spatial planning instruments related to the reduction of high water and damage prevention is one of the main areas to be supported under this measure. This measure also facilitates (only in the Meuse area) the development of hydrological and hydraulic models in combination with a GIS, in order to establish the relationship between the high water level and the flooded area. Models to estimate the efficiency of measures related to high water on the river, the river bed and the hinterland can also be included. The model projects must have a generic character. In general, independent experts will assess the projects before approval by the Steering Committee.
Measure 3.2: promotion and realisation of good practice, e.g. enhancement of monitoring, warning and protection systems
One of the main elements of a programme for which transnationality is a major feature is the exchange of experience and best practice. The areas where such exchanges can be particularly important include the enhancement of monitoring, warning and protection systems. When it becomes clear that significant flooding will occur, the authorities and the public must be warned in order that they may take action which will reduce possible damage (temporary protections and evacuation). Instruments to facilitate flood forecasting, e.g. a weather radar, will be integrated into the programme.
This measure centres on five areas of activity:
Measure 3.3: identification of sensitive areas, awareness raising and furthering know-how
Even though measures have already been taken with regard to high water, risks still remain. In order to prevent damage resulting from these risks, it is necessary to raise public awareness in endangered areas and improve knowledge of flooding.
The damage caused by floods differs depending on the character of the inundated zones. There is more damage, for example, in densely populated zones than in afforested or agricultural zones. It is therefore of the utmost importance to know the risk level in relevant areas. Risk sensitivity should be measured by the height of the water level, the value of the property, the loss of turnover for trade and industry, the cost of evacuation, as well as economic, financial and ecological damage. One way is to establish hazard maps as a basis for spatial planning related to the conservation of retention and overflow areas.
Hazard maps should also be produced for endangered areas, so the future use of these areas can be managed accordingly. When these maps are published, public awareness in endangered areas is raised and suitable precautions can be taken.
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